Relationship between Science and Technology in the Society
The technological developments have brought a revolution in different fields including medicine, agriculture, education, information, and technology. In today’s world, the existence of science and technology cannot be overlooked as they have a huge role in the innovations.
What is Science?
According to research, science is the study of the structure and behavior of the natural and physical world via observations and experiments. However, the study of science has been evolving with the development of human beings.
What is technology?
Technology is the Greek word ‘technologia’. It is an art, ability, and skill that is utilized to create and develop products and get knowledge. For this purpose, scientific and technological sciences are an intertwined concept in today’s world, used to build technology and to enhance knowledge. To understand the relationship between Science and technology these two points should be considered that are: The contribution of Science to Technology and the Contribution of Technology to Science.
Science to Technology Contribution
It is important to understand that how science has contributed to technology.
Science as a direct source of new technological ideas
For instance, nuclear technology, radar systems, and innovation and development of the medical instrument, etc.
Science as a source of engineering
In reality, much of the scientific expertise used to design and build tools and techniques are a result of ‘engineering research. ‘Science has also contributed to human skills development. This is one of Science’s most significant achievements.
Technology to Science Contribution
Moreover, it is also important to understand how technology has contributed to science.
Technology as a source of scientific challenges
The development in the field of technology paves way for research and development in the field of Science. For example, space science is one of them. Technological development likewise indirectly stimulates basic research in the field of science.
Instrumentation and measurement techniques
The development of advanced instruments facilitated scientists to measure the distance between sun and earth, the intensity of the sun’s rays, the revolution of celestial bodies, internal problems of human beings, the life of a bridge, etc.
In today’s world, the role of science and technology is indispensable. We need Science and Technology in every sphere of our life like to treat diseases such as cancer or even to book a cab or train/flight ticket.
In fact, without technology (integrated with science), we cannot imagine our life per se.
One of the most important aspects of Science and Technology is that it has a solution to the difficulty of the difficult problems, the problems which have the potential to become major bottlenecks to the overall growth of the country. Some of these problems could be −
- Health aspects
- Standard of education
- Availability of healthy food and safe drinking water
On the other hand, once mitigating solutions are found for these problems, then the second major issue is the under-development in the field of scientific research and technology that directly affects the development of the country’s economy, infrastructure, higher education, and a few other fields listed below −
- Development of nuclear technology
- Defense technology
- Development of satellites
- Meteorological science
- Space technology
- Wireless communication, etc.
All these technologies, in turn, provide favorable conditions for the country’s growth and increase healthy competition nationally and also internationally.
In today’s world, more often, we get to read or listen that developed countries, developing countries, underdeveloped countries, or even third-world countries, all these designate the level of development of Science and Technology in other countries, they have the influence on.
The government has also created an exclusive department to emphasize the development of Science and Technology and a separate budget is also allocated for the same.
Science and Technology are directly related to the overall development of the country. Science and Technology facilitate healthy competition between the different attributes and elements and acts like a platform for a better life.
Therefore, to alleviate the basic problems of food and supply, safe drinking water, health problems, education, infrastructure, etc., the emphasis and gradual development of Science and Technology are essential.